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Wetland Laws and Compliance

Presenter: Robert N. Needham, PWS

Seminar Date:

Seminar Location: Chapel Hill, NC

Courtyard by Marriott Chapel Hill
100 Marriott Way
Chapel Hill, NC 27517
Phone: 919-883-0700

This seminar is closed or full.


Registration:                    8:00 - 8:30 am

Morning Session:             8:30 - 11:45 am

Lunch (On your own):       11:45 am - 12:45 pm

Afternoon Session:           12:45 - 4:00 pm

Understanding North Carolina Wetland Protection Laws and Regulations

   The Federal Clean Water Act
      • Definition of wetlands
      • Enforcing bodies
   Implementing/enforcing agencies
      • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
      • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
      • U.S. Department of Agriculture
      • North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources
   Wetland determinations and delineations
   Wetland review process
      • Impact determination
      • Development of compensation plan
   Appeals process

Wetland Preservation, Restoration, Creation and Enhancement

   Understanding the importance of wetlands
      • Flood storage and conveyance
      • Pollution control and carbon storage
      • Erosion control
      • Wildlife habitat
      • Recreation
   Wetland preservation strategies and techniques
   Wetland restoration
      • Preference for onsite and in-kind restoration
      • Hydrological considerations
      • Restoration techniques
   Wetland creation
      • Methods, benefits, and drawbacks
   Wetland enhancement
      • Purposes and techniques

Credit Information:

Who Should Attend

  • Attorneys
  • Engineers
  • Floodplain Managers

Professional Engineers
     6.0 PDHs

Floodplain Managers
     6.0 ASFPM CECs

North Carolina Attorneys
     6.0 CLE Hours

Continuing Education Credit Information

This seminar is open to the public and offers 6.0 PDHs to North Carolina professional engineers. HalfMoon Education is an approved continuing education provider for North Carolina engineers.

The Association of State Floodplain Managers has approved this seminar for 6.0 CECs for certified floodplain managers.

The North Carolina State Bar Board of Continuing Legal Education has approved this course for 6.0 general CLE hours for attorneys. Courses approved for attorneys qualify for certified paralegal CLE credit.

Attendance will be monitored, and attendance certificates will be available after the seminar for most individuals who complete the entire event. Attendance certificates not available at the seminar will be mailed to participants within fifteen business days.


Robert N. Needham, PWS

Founder of Needham Environmental, Inc., Winnabow, NC
Mr. Needham opened his wetland consulting firm in 1989. The firm has performed wetland delineations in North Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Alabama and the District of Columbia. Work has been primarily in the east where large wetland acreage and developmental pressure coincide. Determinations have ranged from lots to 2000 plus acres. The firm has successfully provided expert witnesses regarding wetlands. Mr. Needham has demonstrated a knowledge of regulations, policy guidance, and technical expertise applicable to Section 404 of the Clean Water Act. During his nine years of employment in the Corps of Engineers Regulatory Program, Mr. Needham was responsible for enforcement actions of Section 404 violations. This included wetland delineation, coordination with agencies, and the development of restoration/mitigation plans. His technical knowledge of wetlands and vegetation succession, coupled with his common sense approach, resulted in an exceptionally high ratio of resolved cases without litigation. A portion of his duty in the Alaska District involved the review of technical work of three biologists, and he provided multiparameter wetland training to 20 Alaska District regulatory personnel. In addition to his Corps experience, Mr. Needham’s years of association with the University of North Carolina at Wilmington have added to his scientific knowledge, particularly his knowledge of vegetative communities. His graduate work, comparing bird populations among three forest swamps, was related to changes in vegetation as a result of flooding frequency. His wetland mapping experience, with the Corps and under contract with the Corps, exceeds 1600 square miles. With this experience, he has become adept at recognizing long term changes in vegetative communities in relation to hydrologic changes. Mr. Needham received a B.S. degree (emphasis in Ecology) and an M.S. degree (emphasis in Wetlands) from the University of North Carolina- Wilmington. He is a certified wetland professional with the Society of Wetland Scientists.

Tuition Costs:

Standard Tuition: $279.00
Online Tuition (pre-registration): $279.00
Group Prices
3 or more People: $259.00

Each registration includes one copy of a manual prepared by the seminar speakers.